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To make application of coatings successful, knowledge of methods and products play an important role. Information about preparation, methods, and measuring equipment can be obtained by reading a variety of standards and publications. Standards and publications are identified and described by various bodies such as ISO, DIN, ASTM, BS, SSPC and many other organizations.


ISO 8501 Corrosion Protection of Steel Structures by Painting

  • Standards: ISO 8501-1, ГОСТ 9.402

  • ISO8501-1

    In 2007 updated version of the standard measure for the visual evaluation of rust and purity levels of non-coated steel. Also known as the “Swedish steel blasting grades” SS 05 59 00 (Sa). Contains high-quality colour photographs for estimating the rust levels and purity levels after cleaning manually or by machine (also with blasting). Target audience: Blasting and painting companies and their clients, paint technicians, advice bureaux and industrial coating businesses.

  • Purity levels of painted steel surfaces from which the paint layer has been weathered in places. Indispensable when repairing damage to corrosion-resistant paint systems and in the conservation or, for example, welding joints after construction.

  • ISO8501-3

    • Describes preparation grades of welds, cut edges and other areas, on steel surfaces with imperfections. Such imperfections can become visible before and/or after an abrasive blast-cleaning process. The preparation grades given are to make steel surfaces with imperfections, including welded and fabricated surfaces, suitable for the application of paints and related products.

  • ISO 8501-4

    • Hardback A5-format book in three languages (English, French and German) which specifies a series of preparation grades for steel surfaces after removal/partial removal of water-soluble contaminants, rust, previous paint coatings and foreign matter by high-pressure water jetting. The various grades are defined by written descriptions together with photographs that are representative examples within the tolerances for each grade as described in words. In addition, this part of ISO 8501 specifies both initial surface conditions and after-cleaning flash rust grades, also defined by written descriptions together with representative photographic examples.

ISO Handbooks Paints & Varnishes

  • A collection of more than 280 ISO International Standards covering the best methods for performance of paints and varnishes, as well as for the main groups of raw materials used in their manufacture. Standards for terminology and preparation and protection of steel substrates. Bound into four volumes.

  • All standards are written in English language. Pictures are printed in black and white.

  • Check the brochure for a complete overview of the published standards.




    • Guide and Reference Photographs for Steel Surfaces Prepared by Dry Abrasive Blast Cleaning. SSPC’s most widely used visual reference features over 50 full-color photos of previously coated and uncoated, rusted steel surfaces before and after dry abrasive blast cleaning. Similar to the Swedish and British standards, but the pictures of the required final appearances match the written descriptions in the USA standards. Cleanliness requirements for conditions depicted are defined by the SSPC surface preparation specifications for white metal (SP 5), near-white (SP 10), commercial (SP 6), industrial (SP 14), and brush-off (SP 7) blast finishes. Appendix photographs show variations in white metal surfaces caused by different metallic and non-metallic abrasives, profile depth, angle of view, and lighting. Now with guides in both English and Spanish!


    • Standard Method of Evaluating Degree of Rusting on Painted Steel Surfaces. SSPC’s popular rust standard features a series of 27 full color images and 27 black and white diagrams representing various degrees of spot, general, and pinpoint rusting on painted steel surfaces. Text and tables provide a guide to the use of the reference photographs; a scale and description of standard rust grades; a comparison of SSPC, ASTM, ISO, and other rust grade scales; and other useful information.


    • Guide and Reference Photographs for Steel Surfaces Prepared by Hand and Power Tool Cleaning. Contains a series of 43 full-color reference photographs to be used as a supplement to the SSPC standards for hand and power tool cleaned steel. Shows a total of seven different steel surfaces (four uncoated and three previously coated) before and after hand tool cleaning (SP 2), power tool cleaning with power wire brushes and sanding discs (SP 3), power tool cleaning to bare metal (SP 11), and commercial grade power tool cleaning (SP 15). Also contains photos of SP 11 surfaces with a restored profile, a revised guide to the use of reference photographs, a new table of standards and conditions depicted, and additional explanatory notes.\


    • Guide and Reference Photographs for Steel Surfaces Prepared by Waterjetting. Shows a total of six different steel surfaces (two uncoated and four previously coated) before and after waterjetting. Photographs illustrate four separate degrees of cleaning (WJ 1, WJ 2, WJ 3, and WJ 4) for each initial condition, with additional photos that depict the appearance light, moderate, and heavy flash rust after cleaning. Also contains a written guide to the use of reference photographs and additional explanatory notes. Cleanliness requirements for conditions depicted are defined by the joint SSPC/NACE surface preparation specification for high- and ultrahigh-pressure water jetting (SP 12/NACE 5).


    • Guide and Reference Photographs for Steel Surfaces Prepared by Wet Abrasive Blast Cleaning. Pictorial Standard shows two uncoated, rusted steel surfaces (Conditions C and D) before and after wet abrasive blast cleaning. Photographs illustrate two degrees of cleaning (WAB 6 and WAB 10) for each initial condition, with additional photos that depict the appearance of light, moderate, and heavy flash rust after cleaning. Also contains a written guide to the use of reference photographs and additional explanatory notes. Cleanliness requirements for conditions depicted are defined by the joint SSPC/NACE surface preparation specifications for commercial (SP 6/NACE 3) and near-white blast cleaning (SP 10/NACE 2). Photos of commercial and near-white surfaces achieved by dry abrasive blast cleaning can be found in SSPC-VIS 1.

Fitz’s Atlas 2 of Coating Defects

  • The Fitz’s Atlas 2 of coating defects is a reference manual with over 300 colour images, providing a clear and concise description of all problems that could occur, as well as their possible causes. The book is divided into the following sections:

    • Welding faults

    • Presurface conditions

    • Coating defects

    • Microscopy

    • Marine fouling.


Tank Coatings Condition Guide

  • A guide to assist ship’s staff in the assessment of tank, hold and space coatings of existing ships for the purpose of determining compliance with the Rules and Regulations for the Classification of Ships. The guide handles the definition of the tank coating condition in Good / Fair / Poor classification. It also contains the IACS methodology to divide tanks into a number of smaller “areas under consideration” which can easily be identified. Further are included schematics to help defining area determination, percentage of coatings breakdown for specific ship structures and a comparison of common rust scales.

  • A series of full color pictures of tank coatings in various conditions and a section that describes and shows the hotspots for corrosion and other common defects is also part of the guide.

  • The last section contains sketched indicating common nomenclature and terminology applied to typical structure of major ship types.

    • Year of publication: 2008

    • Size: 95 x 135 mm

    • Page’s: 120

Study Book Corrosion Handbook

  • This study book about corrosion testing gives trained and untrained users further insight in the required techniques for corrosion testing. Corrosion principles just as possible interferences in and around the cabinet are discussed. Interpretations and reporting are also tackled.

  • Efficiently operating and using a corrosion test cabinet leads to great savings. Unnecessary waiting time from sample transport to external laboratories is no longer an issue. Correct assessment of the results is also one of the discussed issues.

  • You can take a look inside the book under the Manual tab below.

  • In order to receive a free printable copy, please complete the quotation form.


RAL Classic Colours

  • The RAL CLASSIC Colour Collection

  • The 4-digit RAL colours have been the standard for choosing colours for more than 70 years now. At the beginning the colour collection included 40 different colours. Its number has risen to 213 today. The basic collection for matt colour shades is called RAL 840-HR, the one for glossy colour shades RAL 841-GL. Both basic collections contain colour samples that are being used by important institutions to cover a wide range of applications and are constantly adapted to the requirements of the industry. The registers are being used as colour samples for designs. They also contain safety- and signalling colours and fulfil the colour requirements of DIN regulations.

RAL Colours Effect

  • With its EFFECT collection, RAL fulfills the wish for greater variety in colour design in the industrial sector. RAL EFFECT comprises 420 solid colors and, as a particular highlight, 70 metallic colors. It is the first collection from RAL to be based on waterborne paint systems. No use is made of heavy metals such as lead, cadmium and chromates.

  • RAL EFFECT allows eco-efficient colour production for all paint and lacquer producers and users thanks to its simple, modern formulation. Let yourself be inspired by the this modern colour collection and discover the diversity of RAL EFFECT!

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  • RAL EFFECT advantages at a glance:
    • 420 solid colours and 70 metallic colours, based on waterborne paint systems with simple and effective formulation
    • Each colour family with 6 solid colours has a matching metallic colour
    • Solid colours and metallic colours can all be combined harmoniously
    • Large number of particularly popular light colour shades
    • Compliance with various European EN and ISO standards

RAL Design Colours

  • The RAL DESIGN System (1825 colours) has been developed primarily for sophisticated decorative colour design. It is the colour system of their choice for example, for architects, designers and advertising agencies – not only in Germany but also throughout the world.

  • With its methodically arranged, colour metric defined colour shades the system is said to be the perfect instrument for individual colour design and since its debut on the market in 1993 it has quickly become the top choice for users everywhere. Creative colour design requires a multitude of colour nuances. RAL DESIGN accomplishes this task with the utmost precision.

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RAL Books

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